When we speak or write we use words. We generally use these words in groups to express our thoughts and feelings. A sentence is a group of word that makes complete sense. For example, A group of words that makes complete sense is called a sentence. A sentence expresses a complete thought.
- Goa has beautiful beaches.
- When did you go to Goa?
- How beautiful the sunset scene was!
- Where do you live?
Rules for the formation of sentences:
- A sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop (.), a question mark (?), or a mark of exclamation (!).
- There must be a verb in a sentence.
- A sentence always makes complete sense.
KINDS OF SENTENCES
Sentences are of four kinds:
- Assertive or Declarative: Those which make statements to provide information or express an opinion; as
Tansen was one of the nine gems in the court of Akbar.
He was born in 1506 at Bahot in Gwalior.
- Interrogative: Those which ask questions; as
How did Tansen become such a great singer?
When was he born?
- Imperative: Those which express commands, requests or advice; as
Download some information about Tansen from the internet. (command)
Tell me something about his early life? (request)
Listen to classical music it is good for the mind. (advice)
- Exclamatory: Those which express strong feelings; as
What a great singer Tansen was!
How cold the night is!
INTERCHANGING EXCLAMATORY AND ASSERTIVE SENTENCES
We speak exclamatory sentences under the impact of strong emotions. Their word order is slightly different from that of assertive sentences. Many of them begin with ‘what’ and ‘how’:
- What a beautiful place it is!
- How melodiously the girl sings!
To change an exclamatory sentence into an assertive sentence:
- Restore the original word order.
- Add a word to suggest the initial force of the sentences.
- Replace the exclamation mark with a full stop.
- How cold the night is! —-> The night is very cold.
- How unfortunate! —-> It is very unfortunate.